Pity for economically disadvantaged groups motivates donation and ally collective action intentions
Pity as a controversial emotion was the main theme of a joint publication by Nóra Anna Lantos (Department of Social Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University), Anna Kende (Department of Social Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University), Julia Becker (University of Osnabrück) and Craig McGarty (Western Sydney University).AbstractWe argue that pity can motivate collective action intentions toward groups that are both politically and economically deprived. We tested this connection in four online surveys and an experiment. In Study 1 (N = 1,007), pity for the Roma in Hungary predicted collective action intentions, which was replicated in Study 2 in connection with refugees in Germany (N = 191) and in Hungary (N = 563). Study 3 (N = 475) demonstrated that for not economically but politically disadvantaged groups (e.g., sexual minorities), pity was not a predictor of ally action. In an experiment (Study 4, N = 447), pity was just as strong a predictor of collective action intentions as outrage on behalf of an economically and politically disadvantaged outgroup. Pity can be a mobilizing emotion when it comes to groups that are both economically and politically disadvantaged; however, outrage remains more important in the absence of economic hardship.The whole article is available here.